This document has been updated on October 24th, 2017 and reflects the state of the Law, including draft amendments, at that date.


Registered Disability Savings Plan

The RDSP is generally comparable to the RESP  (see Section III) and is intended to encourage saving for the long-term financial security of a person eligible for the disability tax credit. An RDSP may be set up by the disabled person, one of his/her parents or his/her legal representative. Once it has been set up, anyone can contribute to it up to a lifetime maximum of $200,000 per beneficiary. There is no annual limit. Contributions may be made until the end of the year the beneficiary attains 59 years of age.

Grant and Bonds Available

RDSP contributions are eligible for the CDSG, up to the following amounts:

Maximum CDSG contribution
(cumulative maximum of $70,000 per beneficiary)
Family income thresholds25 Up to $91,831 Greater than $91,831
300% of first $500 contributed $1,500
200% of next $1,000 contributed $2,000
100% of amount contributed $1,000
Maximum total grant per year $3,500 $1,000

The CDSB is also available to individuals whose family net income is relatively low. The CDSB is paid into the RDSP of a beneficiary regardless of the amount contributed in the year, up to the following amounts:

Maximum CDSB contribution
(cumulative maximum of $20,000 per beneficiary)
Family income thresholds20 Up to $30,000 From $30,001 to $45,916 Greater than $45,916
Amount of CDSB $1,000 $1,000 amount prorated Nil

CDSGs and CDSBs may be paid into a RDSP until the end of the year the beneficiary attains 49 years of age. CDSG and CDSB entitlements that are unused since the coming into force of the RDSP in 2008, may be carried forward ten years, subject to certain prescribed limitations.


25 These thresholds, indexed annually, are those used to establish the rights for 2017, considering the income declared in 2015. The net family income of the parents (or tutors) is considered until the beneficiary attains 19 years of age, following which time the relevant income is the income of the beneficiary and his/her spouse even if the beneficiary still lives with his/her parents.

Payments

Payments from an RDSP must start before the end of the year the beneficiary attains 60 years of age. The annual payments are subject to a limit based on the life expectancy of the beneficiary and the FMV of the property held in the plan. However, the beneficiary, or his/her legal representative, may make withdrawals for certain purposes and in amounts specified in the plan.

The contributions are not deductible for tax purposes and are not taxable when withdrawn. The investment income and the capital gains realized in the plan and the grants and bonds that have been put into the plan are taxable in the hands of the beneficiary when he/she withdraws them.

Repayment of CDSGs and CDSBs

The grants and bonds must be repaid to the government if they were put into the RDSP during the 10 years preceding a payment from the plan or the end of the plan. Therefore, $3 of the CDSG or CDSB received over the preceding 10 years must be repaid for each dollar withdrawn from the plan. This rule is more flexible with regards to beneficiaries with a reduced life expec­tancy. Furthermore, the total CDSG and CDSB amount received by the plan during the preceding 10 years must also be repaid when an RDSP ends.

Refunded amounts that were previously included in the beneficiary’s taxable income are tax-deductible.

End of Plan

When the beneficiary of an RDSP ceases to be eligible for the disability tax credit or dies, the funds in the RDSP are generally paid to the beneficiary or his/her estate. The amount received, net of the contributions and any repayments, has to be included in the taxable income of the beneficiary for the year the amount is received or for the year of death.

Plan Transfers

For RRSP, RRIF or RPP transfers upon death, see Section XI. For an RESP transfer to an RDSP, see Section III.